Intellectual property:

With fundamental patents and trade-secret knowhow in place, the development of our IP strategy is ongoing.

Since 2007 we have been building on a protection strategy for our intellectual property. We define “intellectual property” as:

  • Patents and secret knowhow on materials, processes and devices;
  • Registered and applied-for trademarks;
  • Our website and our unique URLs;
  • Copyrighted writings and publications

Surface area

We make ceramic nanofibers by our proprietary PreciseFiber™ process, which results in highly uniform fibers in the diameter range of 100-300 nanometers. A human hair is about 1,000 times thicker than our fibers. Since fiber making often results in a wide range of fiber diameters, the narrow range of diameters we produce allows for high predictability of surface area.

 

An example of surface area can be shown by comparing a bundle of smaller diameter fibers to a single fiber of the same mass as the bundle. Our example is a single piece of spaghetti (properly called a “spaghetto”) that can be imagined as a pasta fiber.

 

The surface area of fibers is a simple geometric calculation:

 

  • Length x Diameter x 14 (Pi)

 

The surface area of a standard spaghetto is about 2 square inches.

 

If we were able to take a single spaghetto and slice it lengthwise into “nano-spaghetti” (‘spaghetti” is the proper plural of spaghetto) of the same diameter as our nanofibers, we would have 240 million spaghetti, and added up they would have total surface area of 32,000 square inches (the size of an average dining room).

 

Functionality & Flexibility

Our PreciseFiber process allows us to embed metals onto the surface of the fibers. We have focused initially on Platinum Group Metals (platinum, palladium & rhodium) used in Environmental Emission Controls. Fibers of different ceramic formulations can be made and intertwined for further functionality. The PreciseFiber process allows for unlimited final product geometries.

 

Materials

The following chart lists fiber materials and embedded materials possible with the PreciseFiber manufacturing process. We are continually looking for other fiber and embedded options.

 

Fiber materials

Aluminum oxide

Cerium oxide

Cobalt oxide

Chromium oxide

Indium oxide

Palladium Oxide

Tin oxide

Titanium dioxide

Silicon dioxide

Tungsten oxide

Zinc oxide

Zirconia oxide

 

Al2O3

CeO2

Co3O4

Cr2O3

In2O3

PdO2

SnO2

TiO2

SiO2

WO3

ZnO2

ZrO2

Embedded materials

Cerium

Chromium

Cobalt

Gold

Iridium

Manganese

Molybdenum

Nickel

Osmium

Palladium

Platinum

Rhodium

Ruthenium

Silver

Vanadium

 

Ce

Cr

Co

Au

Ir

Mn

Mo

Ni

Os

Pd

Pt

Rh

Ru

Ag

V